PDF Bombing, States and Peoples in Western Europe 1940-1945

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View Scopus Profile. Her research interests include France during the Second World War, oral history theory and practice, children in war, the history of childhood and the history of everyday life. She joined the history department in January after temporary posts in History and in French Studies at the Universities of Reading, Nottingham and Westminster.

Bombing, states and peoples in Western Europe, 1940-1945

Her dissertation was on working-class grammar school girls in the s, and used oral history to examine the cultural and social reproduction of class and gender through the grammar school system. She was awarded her doctorate in She is currently working on a second book provisionally entitled Remembering Wartime Childhoods: Memory, Feeling and Imagination which pulls together over oral histories of French wartime childhoods — children bombed, evacuated, hunted as Jews, imprisoned, bereaved, separated from families, but also children safe at home, studying, playing and growing up — which deepens her work on subjectivity and history, memory and memorial cultures, emotion and affect, and childhood trauma.

British Army Enter Hamburg, Germany: World War II (1945)

With her commitment to the value and power of oral history, as well as longstanding connections to the international oral history community, Lindsey has been on the editorial team of Oral History since She regularly reviews and edits articles for this independent journal, and takes a full part it its biannual production process.

Sullivan, S. Project : Research.

Research output : Working paper. Lindsey Dodd Dr. With German encouragement, the Soviet Union occupied the Baltic states in June and formally annexed them in August Italy, a member of the Axis countries allied with Germany , joined the war on June 10, From July 10 to October 31, , the Nazis waged, and ultimately lost, an air war over England, known as the Battle of Britain. After securing the Balkan region by invading Yugoslavia and Greece on April 6, , the Germans and their allies invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, , in direct violation of the German-Soviet Pact.

In June and July , the Germans also occupied the Baltic states. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin then became a major wartime Allied leader, in opposition to Nazi Germany and its Axis allies. During the summer and autumn of , German troops advanced deep into the Soviet Union, but stiffening Red Army resistance prevented the Germans from capturing the key cities of Leningrad and Moscow. On December 6, , Soviet troops launched a significant counteroffensive that drove German forces permanently from the outskirts of Moscow. The United States immediately declared war on Japan.

On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States as the military conflict widened.

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In May , the British Royal Air Force carried out a raid on the German city of Cologne with a thousand bombers, for the first time bringing war home to Germany. For the next three years, Allied air forces systematically bombed industrial plants and cities all over the Reich, reducing much of urban Germany to rubble by In late and early , the Allied forces achieved a series of significant military triumphs in North Africa.

The failure of French armed forces to prevent Allied occupation of Morocco and Algeria triggered a German occupation of collaborationist Vichy France on November 11, Axis military units in Africa, approximately , troops in all, surrendered in May On the eastern front , during the summer of , the Germans and their Axis allies renewed their offensive in the Soviet Union, aiming to capture Stalingrad on the Volga River, as well as the city of Baku and the Caucasian oil fields. The German offensive stalled on both fronts in the late summer of The Germans mounted one more offensive at Kursk in July , the biggest tank battle in history, but Soviet troops blunted the attack and assumed a military predominance that they would not again relinquish during the course of the war.

Lindsey Dodd

German troops stationed in Italy seized control of the northern half of the peninsula, and continued to resist. Mussolini, who had been arrested by Italian military authorities, was rescued by German SS commandos in September and established under German supervision a neo-Fascist puppet regime in northern Italy. German troops continued to hold northern Italy until surrendering on May 2, On June 6, D-Day , as part of a massive military operation, over , Allied soldiers landed in France, which was liberated by the end of August.

On September 11, , the first US troops crossed into Germany, one month after Soviet troops had crossed the eastern border.

In mid-December the Germans launched an unsuccessful counterattack in Belgium and northern France, known as the Battle of the Bulge. Allied air forces attacked Nazi industrial plants, such as the one at the Auschwitz camp though the gas chambers were never targeted.


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The Soviets began an offensive on January 12, , liberating western Poland and forcing Hungary an Axis ally to surrender. In mid-February , the Allies bombed the German city of Dresden, killing approximately 35, civilians.

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Western Front (World War II) - Wikipedia

American troops crossed the Rhine River on March 7, A final Soviet offensive on April 16, , enabled Soviet forces to encircle the German capital, Berlin. As Soviet troops fought their way towards the Reich Chancellery, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, In August, the war in the Pacific ended soon after the US dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing , civilians. Japan formally surrendered on September 2.

World War II resulted in an estimated 55 million deaths worldwide. It was the largest and most destructive conflict in history. Berthon, Simon, and Joanna Potts.